Tympanic Membrane Perforation
Other causes include pressure changes (such as diving, flying, high-altitude driving, shock waves, direct or strong impact on the ear), injuries or trauma to the side of the ear or the head, and foreign bodies in the ear, which can all cause the eardrum to rupture.
Raptured eardrum not due to infection normally heals within two days to a week without any treatment. Care should be taken to make sure water does not get into the ear when you have a raptured eardrum.
Ear drops are not recommended when you have a traumatic rapture of eardrum.
- Ear Pain
- Bleading from ear
- Hearing Loss
- Ringing in ears (Tinnitus)
- Ear discharge, if there is infection (could be mucous, watery, pus like or bloody)
- Dizziness or vertigo which can cause nausea / Vomitting
Why it can be bloody?
One reason is, the rupture may involve tear of a blood vessel in your ear drum or in the ear canal. Another main reason is the middle ear infection. The middle ear (the space behind the tympanic membrane) is not supposed to get wet from the outside world. If water gets into the middle ear, a middle ear infection (otitis media) can happen. This can cause inflammation of the ear middle lining and the blood vessels can swell up and leak.
Who is most vulnerable?
- People who attempt to self-clean the ear with Q tips and other similar objects.
- Children who get repeated ear infection.